I began showing on the A circuit at the age of 8, It was 1977 and I was competing at Spruce Meadows in Calgary, Canada on my pony. She was a 14.1hh quarter horse mare. Ponies of all heights showed in the same class, and there were 45 entries in the class. The height of the fences was 3′ and the ring was 10 acres in size, with level ground being nothing but a myth and something to be scorned as too easy. The fences consisted of natural style jumps, no plastic flowers in sight. There was a stone wall (you can still see it outside of the Meadows on the Green ring), a dry ditch, a road jump, and for the horses a liverpool. It wasn’t plastic, it had real water in it.
Everything from the breed of my pony to the number of entries to the ring was different than anything you see in North America today. The height of the ‘large’ pony division was lowered to 2’9 in 2015, but that is a topic for another day. This is about the history of hunters, and I have described this to illustrate the changes in the hunter ring today. The Regular Hunter division was built to 4’6,( 1.38m.) There were not many entries in it, but there was more than there is today in the Regular division where the jumps are 4′ (1.20m).
In the early 90’s two major changes happened that greatly changed the show jumping world. First, horse show managers were looking to expand the number of horse shows and the number of participants at their shows. Running horse shows was starting to be seen as a good business opportunity. Second, more and more young riders were turning professional and making a career of horses. The degree of difficulty of the fences and courses was lessened. More divisions were added to attract more riders of lesser experience and ability. The hunters evolved into side/diagonal/side courses in 100’x200′ rectangular rings. The hunter horse divisions, which started in height at 3’6 (1.08m) devolved into 2’9, then 2’3, and now we have X-rails. One of my coaches used to lament this fact, saying that soon there would be subterranean hunters, that they would dig a hole in the ground and throw a pole in it. This was an excellent move by the horse show managers. The number of horses at the shows increased exponentially. Large A circuit shows went from averaging 300 horses to over 800 horses.
In the early 2000’s, some of the top professionals in the USA got together and discussed the state of the sport. They strove to bring back the challenge of riding in the hunter ring, and to make the hunters a sport that spectators would want to watch again. The hunter Derby was created.
So the creation and development of the hunter derby has been a positive for the sport of show jumping, except for one little problem. Horse show managers saw an opportunity for more profit, and have in many cases lowered the heights and degree of difficulty of the derby. The class that was designed to raise the level of riding, of horsemanship, of actual talent has been dumbed down. Again. Just like the hunter division was 20 years ago. It was designed to raise the level of riding, to force trainers to buy better horses, to train those horses to a more educated level. The derby concept was a success, but not nearly to the degree it was capable of being.